Amnesty International has accused Russia of war crimes in Ukraine, saying the attacks on Kharkiv – many using banned cluster bombs – killed hundreds of civilians.
The rights group said in a report on Ukraine’s second largest city published on Monday:
The repeated bombings of residential areas of Kharkiv are indiscriminate attacks, killing and wounding hundreds of civilians, and thus constitute war crimes.
This is true for attacks made using clusters (munitions), as well as for attacks using other types of unguided rockets and unguided artillery shells.
The continued use of such erroneous explosive weapons in populated civilian areas, in the knowledge that they are repeatedly causing large numbers of civilian casualties, even the equivalent of directing attacks against civilian populations Could be too. ,
Amnesty said it has uncovered evidence of repeated use by Russian forces of 9N210 and 9N235 cluster bombs and shatterable land mines in Kharkiv, all of which are banned under international conventions.
Cluster bombs release dozens of bombs or grenades into the air, scattering them indiscriminately over hundreds of square meters (yards).
Amnesty said the scattered land mines combine “cluster war material and the worst possible characteristics of antipersonnel land mines”.
Unguided artillery shells have an error of more than 100 m.
The report, titled ‘Any Can Die at Any Time’, described how Russian forces began targeting civilian areas of Kharkiv on the first day of the offensive on 24 February.
The “relentless” shelling continued for two months, wreaking “bulk destruction” on the city of 1.5 million.
“People have been killed in their homes and streets, in playgrounds and cemeteries, queuing for humanitarian aid or shopping for food and medicine,” said Donatella Rowera, senior crisis response advisor at Amnesty International.
“The repeated use of widely banned cluster weapons is shocking, and yet another sign of an outright disregard for civilian life.
“The Russian forces responsible for these horrific attacks must be held accountable.”
Kharkiv’s military administration told Amnesty that 606 civilians have been killed and 1,248 wounded in the region since the start of the conflict.
Russia and Ukraine are not parties to international conventions banning cluster munitions and anti-personnel mines.
But, Amnesty stressed, “International humanitarian law prohibits indiscriminate attacks and the use of weapons indiscriminately by nature.
Indiscriminate attacks that result in the death or injury of civilians or damage to civilian objects are war crimes.
Hello It’s Samantha Locke Back With The Guardian’s Live Blog Because We Cover All The Latest Developments In Ukraine.
Ukrainian defenders are fighting “every meter” of Svyarodonetsk, a major eastern city that has become the center of a broader battle for control of Ukraine’s eastern Donbass region – President Volodymyr Zelensky has said.
Overnight, Russian forces destroyed a bridge across the river to another city, leaving only one way out for stranded civilians.
If you’ve just woken up, or are entering to get the latest information, here’s a summary of the key points you might have forgotten:
- Russian forces have captured most of Svyarodonetsk, where fierce street fighting continues after one Fire breaks out at Azot chemical plant, where hundreds of civilians are taking shelter, Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky said in his nightly video address, “The key strategic goal of the occupiers has not changed: they are pressing into Svyarodonetsk, there is serious fighting going on – literally for every meter,” it said. Saying that the Russian army was trying to deploy the reserve. Army for the Donbass region. Ukrainian troops are reported to have taken control of an industrial area.
- Russia’s Defense Ministry said its cruise missiles destroyed a large depot containing US and European weapons in Ternopil in western Ukraine on Sunday. The strike “destroyed a large depot of anti-tank missile systems, portable air defense systems and shells provided by the US and European countries to the Kyiv regime”, the ministry said, a claim disputed by Ukrainian authorities, who said that no weapon was stored there. , Ternopil’s regional governor said the attack destroyed several residential buildings and injured 22 people, including seven women and a 12-year-old.
- Russian forces destroyed a bridge connecting the troubled eastern city of Svyarodonetsk to its twin city of Lisichansk, cutting off a possible evacuation route for civilians.According to local officials. Serhi Haidai, governor of Luhansk province, said on Sunday that Russian forces had destroyed a bridge over the Siversky River that connects the two cities.
- Amnesty International has accused Russia of war crimes in Kharkiv, Ukraine’s second largest city. Hundreds of civilians have been killed by indiscriminate Russian shelling using widely banned cluster weapons and inherently wrong rockets, the agency said in a new report published on Monday. “Russian forces launched a relentless campaign of indiscriminate bombing against Kharkiv. They shelled residential areas almost daily, killing and injuring hundreds of civilians and causing wholesale destruction, often using widely restricted cluster weapons. did.
- NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said the security concerns raised by Turkey in opposition to NATO membership applications from Finland and Sweden are valid. “These are legitimate concerns. This is about terrorism, this is about arms exports,” Stoltenberg said at a news conference in Finland on Sunday.
- Bodies of several Ukrainian fighters killed during the siege of the Azovstal steelworks in the southern city of Mariupol still await discoveryThe former commander of Ukraine’s Azov National Guard regiment said on Sunday.
- A former British soldier has been killed while fighting the Russian army in Svyarodonetsky, The British Foreign Office confirmed that Jordan Gatley was shot and killed in Ukraine. He left the British Army in March to “continue his career as a soldier in other areas” and was helping Ukrainian soldiers defend their country against Russia, his father Dean posted on Facebook. It was written in a statement made.
- Friends and family of Brahim Saadoun – 21-year-old Moroccan sentenced to death last week along with two Britons – called for their freedomTelling the Guardian that he was an active-duty Marine and not a mercenary, as claimed by Russian media and pro-Russian officials in eastern Ukraine who announced the sentence.
- Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoan on Sunday announced the possibility of new talks with Russian President Vladimir Putin and Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelensky. “Perhaps next week, we will talk about what steps we will take, in talks with both Mr. Putin and Zelensky,” he said in relation to a solution to exports disrupted as a result of the war.
- Global nuclear arsenal expected to grow in coming years for the first time since the Cold War, and the risk of using such weapons is the biggest in decades, a major conflict and armament thinktank said. According to the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, Russia’s invasion of Ukraine and Western support for Kyiv have increased tensions between the world’s nine nuclear-armed states.
- Ukraine has established two routes through Poland and Romania to export grain and avert a global food crisisHowever bottlenecks have slowed the supply chain, Kyiv’s deputy foreign minister said on Sunday.
- Global trade ministers gather at WTO meeting to deal with food security threatened by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on Sunday. Ministers are expected to agree on a Joint Declaration on Strengthening Food Security in which they will “commit to taking concrete steps to facilitate trade and improve the functioning and long-term resilience of global markets for food and agriculture”. .
- European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen called for the need to strengthen anti-corruption laws in Ukraine. After the meeting with Zelensky, von der Leyen said: “There is still a need to implement reforms, for example to fight corruption, or to modernize the administration, which will also help attract investors.” “
- British defense company QinetiQ will supply 10 Talon sapper robots to Ukraine for de-mining purposes, Ukrainian officials announced on Sunday. First Deputy Chief of the Patrol Police of Ukraine, Oleksiy Biloshitsky, Said: “Talon will be deployed to de-mine Ukraine. It is a sapper robot that not only detects ‘gifts’ but also neutralizes them. Before the war we already had many of them. There were a dozen, now QinetiQ will deliver 10 more.”
- McDonald’s restaurant opens its doors in Moscow under new Russian ownership and a new nameVkusno & Tochka, which translates as “delicious and that’s it”. The reopening took place on Russia Day, a holiday celebrating national pride.